Final Clause Discussed In The Security Council

Now, a clause proposed by the USA urging the Security Council to combat unsustainable deforestation in Haiti passes after some lengthy discussion and many Points of Information. This year’s Security Council has come to an end. It has been an amazing experience for everyone involved, and will definitely remain unforgettable  to all the delegates and chairs.

I doubt anyone involved in the Security Council will forget how Japan suggested “Humanitarian Military Intervention” to deal with the DPRK, or how China’s Delegate got his way (most of the time anyway).

The delegates are slowly leaving the conference room, with many more friends, experiences and happy moments (and maybe one or two more enemies) than what they had when they first walked through those doors three days ago. This year’s Security Council has been without a doubt a tremendous success, and on behalf of everyone I would like to thank the Chairs for making this experience unique for everyone.

 

Japan Denied Security… In The Security Council

A clause submitted by Japan is currently being discussed in the Security Council – the clause requests the placement of the Iron Dome defence system along the Korean Demilitarized Zone and west coast of Japan in order to eliminate the threat of a nuclear or aerial attack in the DPRK.

The clause is immediately opposed by the delegate of China, who says:

“We are suspicious of Japan’s clause. North Korea feels threatened and provoked by the actions of neighboring countries. North Korea’s nuclear programme is their only mean of negotiation.” – China

The delegate of Sweden, Russia and the UK, state that this clause, if passed, would be a provocative gesture and could start a nuclear war. The delegate of Ukraine believes that this clause contradicts the purpose of the previous clause which refers to easing sanctions on the DPRK, and states that the borders with Korea are one of the most militarized zones. Another argument is that the Security Council is in place to protect the international community, and not just a select few – it seems that a few delegates are in denial that Japan is a part of the international community.

In retaliation to all the opposition, the delegate of the USA says in a short speech:

“We are dealing with an uncertain North Korea… A North Korea with an irrational leader and a North Korea with weapons of mass destruction. We cannot take our international security for granted. The placing of iron domes will ensure the security of these countries.”

With three of the five permanent members denouncing the clause and only one vocally supporting it, a P5 Caucus is held, where they collectively decided to abstain.

During voting, four delegates vote for, two delegates vote against and the rest abstain. China, who has already planned ahead, puts forth a motion to divide the house, meaning that all delegates have to vote either for or against. This lead to the delegates of China, France and the UK VETO-ing the clause and thus the clause does not pass. This is the third time the permanent five members in this year’s annual session — in comparison, the actual P5 have only exercised their VETO powers on 23 occasions from the beginning of the 21st century.

The P5 Caucus taking place outside the conference room

Security Council: Confessions!

Notable confessions from the Security Council Confession Box:

“Does anyone have a map? Because I think I got lost in Kazakhstan’s eyes.”

“I still use Internet Explorer.”

“How do you call a snake that is exactly 3.14 metres in length? A pi-thon.”

“Sometimes I paint myself orange and pretend that I’m a carrot” at which Kazakhstan replied with “THAT PERSON IS MY SPIRIT ANIMAL.”

Security Council Breaks Record – Only 3 Minutes To Pass A Clause

5:31 pm In an unprecedented act, the Security Council has passed a clause in little more than 3 minutes. The clause, submitted by China, concerns the situation in Haiti and encourages the formation of a UN funded budget called ‘Haiti’s Welfare Security Budget’ with a main aim to reduce poverty and improve human and economic development in a country still suffering from an earthquake that occurred in 2012.

After reading the clause and conducting his opening speech, the delegate of China is only faced with one Point of Information from the delegate of Russia, who states that they fully supported the clause. No other Points of Information are offered, which is perhaps the least resistance seen over the past 2 days.

This lack of resistance could very well be the result of effective strategy and good planning during the lobbying and merging session yesterday (in which all delegates were actively participating), and this can stand as another piece of evidence of this years Security Council’s efficiency in getting things done.

It is likely that this year’s Security Council has set a record for the fastest clause ever passed in the 12 years of MEDIMUN, and with a few more clauses to go, one wonders if they can keep the pace up until the very end.

The delegate of the UK pictured on the left with the delegate of China pictured on the right

 

Back To The Situation In Libya

3:00 pm After a visit by both the Historical Security Council and the Special Event (which included a speech by US President Donald J. Trump), the Security Council returns to debating important, global issues. Currently, the Security Council is discussing the situation in Libya, a country torn by conflict.

More specifically, they are discussing a clause submitted by Sweden, which calls upon the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to implement initiatives in cooperation with non-governmental organisations and civil society organisations in order to implement peace, prosperity and a civil society.

The aforementioned initiatives include creating workshops and educational programmes to eradicate the widespread notion of extremism and implementing a media campaigns and regional forums to bring the citizens of Libya together.

Though the clause met some resistance from Italy, it passed with 0 votes against – yet another example of how efficient this years UN Security Council is!

“This clause is like a bikini – it covers the important parts but leaves a lot exposed”-Russia

 

An Unexpected Visit From The Past

2:15 pm The door suddenly burst open in the Security Council, and the Historical Security Council stormed in uninvited. Almost instantly, delegates from the Historical Security Council started conversing with delegates from the Security Council, and were quick to find their counterpart. Some of the notable things heard  over their constant chatter includes:

“I hope Cuba isn’t on the Security Council because she’s about to be nuked”

“CHINA YOU BACKSTABBING [censored] (apparently the president of France was assassinated by China in 1962) – Delegate of France

The Historical Security Council then left the same way they came: with no explanation, and leaving us with more questions than answers.

Security Council – Nuclear Non-Proliferation And The DPRK

1:10 pm The Security Council has just finished reviewing a clause submitted by France, that suggests that all nuclear-weapon states take measures to reduce the risk of nuclear weapon detonations, using the precautionary principle, so as to urge the DPRK to follow suit.

Many delegates are sceptical of this clause, including the delegate of Senegal and Ukraine who found the clause too optimistic and unrealistic. On the other hand, the delegate of Sweden supports the clause (no surprise there) while the delegate of Senegal believes that the clause is vague, but can be improved on if the DPRK was given an incentive to disarmed.

Despite no amendment being made at the end, and some opposition from Senegal and Ukraine, the clause ends up passing with an overwhelming majority. This years Security Council seems to be quite efficient at getting things done!

As a side-note, rumour has it that the Security Council might be getting a visit from the Special Event very soon…

 

 

The Situation In Libya

12:05 pm A clause submitted by Russia calls for the reconsideration of the purpose of the General National Congress of Libya and states that arming the General National Congress and not the Libyan National Army could lead to an unbalanced civil war which would only exacerbate the situation – it then goes on to say imposing the General National Congress as Libya’s official government without Libyan support can potentially lead to the creation of further factions and thus lead to a more severely aggravated power struggle involving other factions and the Islamic State.

Feelings are mixed about this clause, and even the delegate of the UK asked fellow delegates to vote against this clause. The five permanent members of the Security Council exit the room to have a brief P5 Caucus, which occurs when one of the five permanent members want to VETO a clause and other members try to discourage them. The P5 members later returned only to abstain from voting.

Almost half of the Security Council abstains from voting, leading to a very close result as one or two delegates made the difference and stop the clause dead in its tracks.

The five permanent members and the Chair of the Security Council outside of the conference room

 

 

Debate Procedures Continue At The Security Council

10:00 am The Security Council hits the ground running today, with an open debate starting promptly after a lengthy speech by the delegate of the USA, who proposes measures to encourage the government of Haiti to combat violence against women in Haiti.

The speech is met with multiple POIs, and is followed by a speech from the delegate of Ukraine who is for the proposal, but then faced with two speeches against: one from Russia and another from Senegal. Both against speeches pose the same question – why should time be “wasted” on upholding human rights when people are dying of hunger?

The amendment ends up passing with little opposition during voting.

Debating Procedures Begin In The Security Council

5:20 pm After hours of lobbying, merging of resolutions and negotiations, debate procedures have finally begun to discuss the clauses formed in the past few hours.

The delegate of Ukraine takes the floor to deliver a speech about the humanitarian crisis in Haiti. The delegate delivers a convincing speech to urge fellow delegates to vote in favour for a clause designed to jump-start the economy of Haiti – this clause suggests that Haiti should be provided with free or low-interest loans so Haiti can begin to reinvest in their infrastructure after the 2010 earthquake that utterly destroyed the country.

The clause passes unanimously, with little objection barring a point of information from the delegate of Japan that doubts the impact that this clause will have on Haiti.

UK Delegate of the Security Council proposes assassination of Kim Jong Un

14:20 pm In a never-seen-before act in the Security Council, the delegate of the United Kingdom spontaneously proposed that Kim Jong Un should be assassinated. Faced with outcry by the delegate of China, who claimed that the proposal was a violation of basic human rights (quite ironic coming from China) and asking the delegate of the United Kingdom why he would even consider such an act, the delegate of the United Kingdom responded with a simple “Why not?”

The delegate of China, pictured in the middle wearing the red blazer.

The question of the DPRK arises in the Security Council

13:20 pm Less than a second after the chairs announce that the Security Council will be moving on to the question of the DPRK, a voice fills the room:

“Anyone with a peaceful solution? Anyone with a peaceful solution?”

A handful of reactions follow – most delegates raise their clauses high in the air, claiming “Me! Me!”, and a few who seem to detest the idea of a peaceful solution remain silent. In a matter of minutes, a large group has formed around the representative of Japan who is outlining his plan on how to deal with the DPRK. A few delegates like the delegate of China do not join the conversation and stay put at the other end of the room, leading their own discussion.

The next few hours are sure to be interesting as many countries have different ideas of what, if and how many sanctions should be imposed on the DPRK..

Lobbying Begins In The Security Council

9:45 am The eager delegates of the esteemed Security Council are quick to form groups, and are frantically swapping resolutions in the hope that they will find middle ground to merge the resolutions they have worked on in the past months. Constructive conversation is crucial since the delegates need as much support as they can get for the next three days.